The Midwest Center for Holocaust Education is pleased to announce its 22nd annual White Rose Student Essay Contest. The 2016-2017 contest theme is:
in the Ghettos
The enormity of the Holocaust was such that no victim response to it would have stopped the Germans from implementing genocide. Jews under Nazi control faced various and overwhelming obstacles to effective resistance. Despite this, Jews repeatedly sought to oppose Nazi policy in various ways. While armed uprisings or partisan activities are often held up as examples of successful Jewish resistance, not all resistance was armed. Often the only course of action available was an act of unarmed resistance.
Successful acts of resistance took many forms, ranging from personal acts to preserve dignity; social acts to preserve the community such as organizing clandestine schools, soup kitchens and underground record keeping; political acts such as the sabotage of the German war industry; and eventually, armed uprisings. Nowhere was resistance more robust than in the ghettos where Jews last lived as families and communities and resistance activities occurred amidst extreme conditions and against enormous odds.
Using at least 3 of the documents provided below, plus a minimum of 2 outside resources, prepare an essay that addresses all parts of the following topic:
- RESEARCH: Describe the goals and obstacles to one specific form of Jewish resistance in the ghettos. Explain how that method was used by one Jewish person or group.
- REFLECTION: Holocaust historian Lucy Dawidowicz said, “The wonder is not that there was so little resistance, but that, in the end, there was so much.” Based on your research, do you agree with this thought? Why or why not?
You must base your research on at least three of the following documents. All documents referenced from this list are considered electronic sources and the Works Cited page should clearly denote that they were referenced from the MCHE site. That citation can take any format chosen by the teacher.
Though not one of the required document, all students are encouraged to read the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Resistance During the Holocaust booklet for reference. Please note this does NOT count as one of the 3 required documents from the list below.
- “Oneg Shabbat,” The Jewish Underground Archives in the Warsaw Ghetto
- The Girl Couriers of the Underground Movement
- Vladka Meed discusses illegal gatherings in the ghetto
- Zenia Maleki Testimony
- Excerpts from the Diary of Dawid Sierakowiak
- Resistance Photograph Collection
- “Our Town Is Burning” – Resistance Song
- “The Little Smuggler” – Poem
- Armed Resistance in the Ghettos: The Dilemma of Revolt
- Proclamation by Jewish Pioneer Youth Group In Vilna, Calling For Resistance, January 1, 1942
- Call to Resistance by the Jewish Fighting Organization in the Warsaw Ghetto, January 1943
- The Discussion on Fighting Aims by the Activists of the Bialystok Members of the Dror Movement, February 27, 1943
- Address by Gens on the Danger of Bringing Arms into the Vilna Ghetto, May 15, 1943
We ask students and educators to respect the privacy of the survivors and to refrain from conducting personal interviews.
ESSAY REQUIREMENTS AND MECHANICS
Read each section for important details
- Evidence of comprehensive and accurate historical research
- Utilization and consistent citation of at least 3 of the designated documents and 2 additional resources
- Adherence to theme, demonstrating substantial supporting detail
- Research section to be written in third person narrative
- Reflects personal insight, interpretation, and unique writing style with minimal direct quotes
- Synthesis of information gathered from a variety of both print and digital sources
- Correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation
- Completed entry form, including original signatures where indicated
- Proper citations – all citation styles are accepted, but citations must be consistent
- Sources – The ideal essay will reflect a variety of print and digital sources. Whole books found online are considered digital sources.
- Works Cited – Only sources cited in the body of the paper should appear on the Works Cited.
- Typed double-spaced on 8.5” x 11” plain white paper and size 12 font. Use only one side of the paper.
- Maximum of 1200 words. All words in the body of the essay except internal citations are counted in the total.
- Essays must be free of plagiarism. Those with passages copied directly from other sources, without proper citations, or containing vast amounts of quoted or minimally paraphrased material are subject to disqualification.
- One cover sheet with the student’s name, school and teacher’s name
- Five copies of essay, each stapled in the upper left corner. To ensure blind judging, the student’s name should NOT appear on any pages of the essay.
- Electronic copy of essay, cover sheet, and Works Cited — submitted as ONE document — in Microsoft Word format. Students may submit on an individual disc/drive labeled with student’s name, school, and teacher’s name OR teacher may submit one disk/drive with all student submissions saved as separate documents titled by students’ names.
All entries become property of the Midwest Center for Holocaust Education and will not be returned. Applicants give the Midwest Center for Holocaust Education permission to reprint entries. Decisions of the judges are final.
- The top ten essayists in each division will be recognized at a reception in May
- First, second and third place winners in each division will be awarded cash prizes
- First, second and third place sponsoring teachers will be awarded vouchers for professional development or classroom resources
- The first place school in each division will be awarded a resource collection
|1st Place||2nd Place||3rd Place|
|Sponsoring Teachers||$150 voucher for professional development or resources||$100 voucher for professional development or resources||$50 voucher for professional development or resources|
- Entries are limited to 1,200 words. This includes the body of the paper only. It does not include the cover sheet, title, footnotes, or Works Cited. Papers exceeding this limit may be disqualified. Students should use the “Word Count” function on their computers.
- MCHE encourages teachers to utilize this writing contest as a classroom exercise. To ensure that each essay receives the full attention of our judges, however, sponsoring teachers are limited to submitting no more than 10 essays per division.
- Each essay should reflect the student’s own work, guided and reviewed, but not edited in detail by the sponsoring teacher. Teachers should take care in attesting to compliance with contest requirements. A completed entry form with original signatures must accompany each essay.
- We strongly recommend that students link to reliable web sites through www.mchekc.org and visit MCHE’s Library and Archive, which houses nearly 3,000 titles available for free loan. Hours are 8:30 until 5:00, Monday through Friday and on Wednesdays until 7:00 pm by appointment only.
- Plagiarism results in disqualification.
- Entries must be postmarked NO LATER THAN the postmark deadline, or delivered in person to the Midwest Center for Holocaust Education office by 5:00 PM that day. Essays postmarked after the deadline, those brought to MCHE after the designated time, or essays sent by fax or e-mail will not qualify for judging.
- Up to 10 finalists in each division will be recognized at a reception in May.
- All entries become property of the Midwest Center for Holocaust Education and will not be returned.
- Applicants give the Midwest Center for Holocaust Education permission to reprint entries.
- Decisions of the judges are final.
Allen, Anderson, Atchison, Bourbon, Brown, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Clay, Cloud, Coffey, Cowley, Crawford, Dickinson, Doniphan, Douglas, Elk, Franklin, Geary, Greenwood, Harvey, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Labette, Leavenworth, Linn, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, McPherson, Miami, Montgomery, Morris, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Ottawa, Pottawatomie, Republic, Riley, Saline, Sedgwick, Shawnee, Sumner, Wabaunsee, Washington, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte
Andrew, Atchison, Barry, Barton, Bates, Benton, Boone, Buchanan, Caldwell, Camden, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Charlton, Christian, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Cooper, Dade, Dallas, Davies, De Kalb, Douglas, Gentry, Greene, Grundy, Harrison, Henry, Hickory, Holt, Howard, Jackson, Jasper, Johnson, Laclede, Lafayette, Lawrence, Linn, Livingston, McDonald, Mercer, Miller, Moniteau, Morgan, Newton, Nodaway, Ozark, Pettis, Platte, Polk, Ray, Saline, St. Clair, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Vernon, Webster, Worth, Wright
Ann and Kenny Baum
Herb and Bonnie Buchbinder
Larry and Donna Gould Cohen
Ed and Sandi Fried
Mike and Karen Herman
Bill and Regina Kort
Allen and Debra Parmet
Morton and Estelle Sosland
Patricia Werthan Uhlmann
David and Ellice Vittor
Additional generous support is provided by MCHE’s White Rose Society Patrons and Benefactors.
Questions? Contact Jessica Rockhold, MCHE’s Director of Education, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 913-327-8195.
The contest is named in memory of Hans and Sophie Scholl, German university students who, along with several friends and their professor, were arrested and executed for distributing leaflets denouncing the evils of the Nazi regime. The project commemorates the heroic efforts of these brave young people, members of the White Rose, who gave their lives for the causes of understanding, tolerance, and freedom. May their memories inspire us to reflect upon our own responsibilities as citizens in a democratic nation.